Intellectual disability is a term used when a person has certain limitations during early development, affecting cognitive, social, academic, and later occupational functioning. 

These limitations will cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than a typical child.

According to the American National Association for Gifted Children “Gifted individuals are those who demonstrate outstanding levels of aptitude or competence in one or more domains. Domains include any structured area of activity with its own symbol system (e.g., mathematics, music, language) and/or set of sensorimotor skills (e.g., painting, dance, sports).”